Category: Predetermination

The Butterfly Effect and Where Open Theism Fails

Many are aware of the Butterfly Effect: a tornado (exact time of formation, exact path taken) being influenced by minor perturbations such as the flapping of the wings of a distant butterfly several weeks earlier. First formulated (or at least named) when searching weather patterns by Edward Lorenz, it shows causal determinism to be true….


Foreknowledge and the Handcuffs of God

Note: This is an intellectual exercise, designed to present a view I no longer hold. A further article here will explain the contrary view. There are four¬†fundamental positions in theology about the foreknowledge of God. They are: God knows the future because he decrees everything that takes place (Reformed Calvinism) God knows the future and…